The Negro Motorist Green Book

The Negro Motorist Green Book, otherwise known as the Green Book for short, was a travel guide for black people in the US, informing them where they could find food, lodgings, barber shops, beauty shops and other services, during a time when many establishments refused to serve black people, and many towns made it illegal for blacks to be within them after sundown. The Green Guide was invented by a Harlem postal worker, named Victor H. Green, to help people of his race avoid violence and humiliation when doing run-of-the-mill things that whites took for granted – such as booking a hotel, or buying petrol. The Green Book ceased publication in 1964, when the Civil Rights Act was passed. You can read the New York Times article here.