There is apparently a literature review forthcoming which argues that studies purporting to show female underperformance at maths due to stereotype threat are flawed. Unfortunately, the article is not yet out, and none of the articles I can find bothers to interview any defenders of stereotype threat theory for a response to the criticisms. In the absence of more information, I just don’t know how to assess claims that the studies are flawed. The more specific bits quoted don’t impress, though:
“We were surprised the researchers did not subject males to the same experimental manipulations as female participants,” Geary said.
“It is reasonable to think that men also would not do well if told ‘men normally do worse on this test’ right before they take the test. When we adjusted the findings based on this and other statistical factors, we found little to no significant stereotype theory effect.”
The studies I’ve seen don’t involve saying anything like this to women. It’s not needed, since women begin from the presumption that a test of maths ability will be one that women do worse on. There *are* studies which compare their performance in the absence of gender claims with their performance after having been told that men and women do *equally well* on this test. And their performance improves. I’d want to know whether studies like this one are also subject to criticism. (They may well be: perhaps there are statistical errors.)
Do let us know in comments if responses to this have come out, or if the full article is available.