Update: the full Columbia review is now available.
Understanding what went wrong in the UVA story is crucial, and not just for journalists. Rolling Stone’s narrative might have been false, but campus sexual assault is still one of the most difficult problems in higher education. Solving it requires accurately understanding how common it is, and figuring out how to balance the interests of victims and the rights of the accused — all things Rolling Stone failed to do.
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The Columbia Journalism School report is expected to focus less on Charlottesville and more on Rolling Stone: how an explosive, criminal allegation wasn’t given even cursory fact-checking before being published in a national magazine, and why the magazine reportedly kept Jackie in the story after she said she was traumatized and asked to no longer participate.
The central question in the Rolling Stone debacle — how do you trust victims of sexual assault while thoroughly investigating their stories? — matters to everyone because it’s not just about journalism.
It’s at the center of dealing with campus sexual assault. False rape reports, on campus and off, are rare. And while it’s not clear how widespread the problem of campus sexual assault is, the best available data (which is still very flawed) suggest it’s far too common.
At the same time, victims of sexual assault often face scrutiny when they come forward, with questions about what actually happened in their experience and whether an assault actually occurred.
Colleges have a tricky line to walk: they must be sensitive to the interests of sexual assault victims while ensuring that they’re not rushing to judgment. While complaints by students who feel their reports of sexual assault were mishandled are far more prevalent, colleges are also facing lawsuits from students who were expelled after being found responsible for sexual assault who say they were not guilty.
The Rolling Stone controversy is part of a larger debate about how campuses should balance their responsibility to students who have experienced sexual assault with their responsibility to protect students who are accused. Learning how, and why, the magazine failed to temper sensitivity with responsibility might help colleges and journalists alike strike that balance better in future.
Meanwhile, a former UVA undergraduate Jenny Wilkinson has written a powerful piece in the Sunday Review detailing her own experience with rape at UVA. Her attacker was found responsible by UVA, and his punishment was having a letter placed in his file. As the Vox editorial notes, whatever else was made up in the Rolling Stone story, it’s true that UVA has never expelled anyone for rape or sexual assault, though they have expelled 183 people for academic misconduct since 1998.