Please note: I suspect that the passage shown below is in fact drawn from studies of cis white women. One difficulty in telling how ethnicity and gender queerness interact with the prevalence of depression in woman is that the facts discussed in the quoted passage below are not even well-recognized in the quasi-popular literature. It’s as though continued assaults on the souls of young women aren’t medical enough.
(I am not saying that the passage below is correct; rather the point is the kind of explanation that it provides and that needs to be considered. Also, please excuse my occasional lapses into hyperbole. I’m really, really pissed off.)
I think the passage below can be said to say the following: continual criticism of girls and women for not being good enough in caring about others has an upside and a downside.
The upside: We get better mothers and more nurturing people in the society.
The downside: a lot of them become mentally ill.
And another shocker: this is way post Betty Friedan. That is, it was released in 1997.
From Guilt and Children, ed by Jane Bybee.