I am really excited to see this paper, which I’ve just begun reading. (Thanks, C!)
Our work approaches the problem of women’s underrepresentation by using a “wide-angle lens” (Fiske & Markus, 2012, p. 3), investigating both micro-level and macro-level factors that explain gender differences in participation across STEM fields. As we will see below, students’ choices are made within a larger social and structural environment that makes the barriers to entering some STEM fields significantly higher for women than men. These social and structural factors operate in tandem to pull girls and women (and boys and men) toward some STEM fields while pushing them away from others.