I’m trying to discover who has taken what we might call a social approach to human cognition. By this I mean who has seen our place in a social world as essential to explaining how seemingly individual cognition succeeds in getting at truth, understanding, and so on.
Faced with the news that our vision is more partial than we think it is, we might say that our ordinary reports of what we see are wrong. Alternatively, we might say that such reports draw on much more than just internal visual happenings. We draw on a public language, the ways in which our caretakers ‘taught us to see’ as toddlers, and so on.
Let’s say that the above thought appeals to social setting to show how a possibly error prone individual can get true outcomes, such as true reports of what is seen that leave no hint of the gaps. Sue Campbell has used this approach for memory, and Helen Longino has appealed to community in explaining success in science. I used this approach for vision in a chapter in Neurofeminism and more generally in Keeping the world in Mind.
In The Commons of the Mind, Annette Baier takes a Wittgensteinian approach to our acquisition of truth. Other writers – such an Shaun Gallagher and Daniel Hutton – have also taken a social approach to the mind.